Hazard Governance Model in Mount Rinjani National Park
Mount Rinjani is in a natural hazards area, both hydrometeorological and geological disasters, so it becomes a disaster-prone area. Other research found various natural hazard threats in the Mount Rinjani area in the form of ravines, slippery and steep paths, low temperatures, fog, wildlife and plants and disasters such as landslides fires, volcanic activity, and earthquakes. Sampling method determination of informants using purposive sampling. Informants are considered actors (agencies/institutions/groups) involved in the management of TNGR ecotourism hazards. Interviews with key informants aim to obtain specific information on a topic. The studies referred to in this study are stakeholders and relationships between the parties involved in managing TNGR ecotourism hazards. The method of determining key informants is snowball sampling and field observation. The data that has been obtained is analyzed using stakeholder analysis. The number of stakeholders involved in the management of TNGR ecotourism hazards is 28 stakeholders. Stakeholders involved come from provincial and municipal government agencies, private institutions, community groups, individual entrepreneurs, and the community. The role of stakeholders in the management of the dangers of ecotourism TNGR into four, namely the role of supporters, actors, decision-makers and infrastructure providers. This ecotourism hazard governance model is a form of stakeholder relationship mechanism that plays a role in managing ecotourism hazards. The mechanism of the relationship is in the field and documents and divided into three: coordination, cooperation, and communication.
Keywords: disaster; ecotourism; hazards; Mount RinjaniNational Park; stakeholders